The Renaissance time period saw technological advancements such as the printing press. The use of mathematics and perspective to create depth and realistic designs in art. Literature of opinion followed shortly after the creation of the printing press, giving independence to writers and leading to the Reformation of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Reformation was the act created by Martin Luther and his 95 Theses' against the Roman Catholic Church. Devastated as their power fell from their city, the church showed the resistance no mercy if they were affiliated with Martin Luther. Forced to stand down, the leaders of the church began to find a way to resolve this outbreak of the Reformation.
The age of exploration was initiated when Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas and they began to discover what else was on the other side of the world. This created a new land for trade, and colonization, and study of this new world. People, cultures, and resources were all traded as an effect of the Americas discovery, and it changed the course of human history for all of time itself.
Exploration Part Two
The Age of Enlightenment was when philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and others wrote and proclaimed how they felt on the human race, how humanity acted and reacted to significant changes in politics, and how politics should be run in order to maintain order and how not to run the country as to avoid chaos.
The Counter-Reformation was the area of time where the Roman Catholic Church sat down and discussed how they could take back their power and reform what they had lost and stop rebels who lead the resistance so they could gain power. They never reached their previous level of power again.
Some of the things that happened during the new trading were slaves to the Americas and making new colonies to create tradable goods. With new plants and spices from the Americas, they also discovered gold and silver, which would be used in the economics of the mother countries of France, England, Spain, Portugal, and the Americas.