The Niños Héroes were six Mexican teenage military cadets. They died defending Mexico City's Chapultepec Castle from invading U.S. forces, during the Mexican–American War. According to legend, in an act of bravery, Juan Escutia wrapped the Mexican flag around his body and jumped from the top of the castle in order to keep it from falling into the hands of the Americans.
There were many people involved in the Mexican American War. K. Polk. Winfield Scott. Zachary Taylor. Stephen W. Kearny. John Drake Sloat. William Jenkins Worth. Robert Field Stockton, and Joseph Lane. All of these people played a significant role in cultural history for the Mexican-American War.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the U.S. Mexican War. Signed on 2 February 1848, it is the oldest treaty still in force between the U.S. & Mexico. Beyond territorial gains and losses, the treaty has been important in shaping the international and domestic histories of both Mexico and the United States.
Land grant struggle dealt with the disappearance of many states such as California, Nevada, Utah, part of Arizona and New Mexico. This gave Mexico chances to adapt to a smaller society for other cultures. Aztlan was a place in Mexico and the Chicano movement was influenced.