India is a land of many geographical features. It has mountains and deserts and has some of the world's greatest rivers, and some of the most polluted rivers. The subcontinent of India, are the Indus River, the Ganges River, the Himalaya Mountains, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.
The Religion and Beliefs of Ancient India. India is home to the world's oldest religions, Hinduism and Buddhism, as well as Jainism. All three evolved from shared beliefs and traditions.
Ancient India was home to two of the world's first cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These cities had stone buildings, multiply stories, and sewage systems! India was one of the very first civilizations to use algebra and calculus. The number zero was invented in Ancient India by a man named Aryabhatta.
The political structures of ancient India had their own different governments. In the Indus Valley Civilization, priest and kings were at the head of government. The Mauryan Empire boasted a stable and was a centralized government that allowed the flourishing of trade and culture.
The Indus Valley people had developed a prosperous civilization on the basis of a thriving agricultural economy. Domestication of animals was another useful profession. They had trade relations. They produced wheat, barley, and varieties of fruits, date palm, and millet.
Social Structure. In ancient India, society was divided into four parts brahmins, kshatriyas, vaisyas, and sudras. The Rajputs eventually came to occupy the place in society of the kshatriyas. In that ancient era, this system was very fluid and flexible.