It all started by American Colonists and British soldiers in war by 1775.
In mid-June 1776, a five-man committee including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin was tasked with drafting a formal statement of the colonies’ intentions.
The Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence–written largely by Jefferson–in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.
In March 1776, North Carolina’s revolutionary convention became the first to vote in favor of independence; seven other colonies had followed suit by mid-May.
Jefferson had earned a reputation as an eloquent voice for the patriotic after his 1774 publication of “ A Summery View Of The Rights Of British America” and he was given a task of producing a draft of what would become the Declaration Of Independence.
That document would become known as the Declaration of Independence.