During the carnival in Italy, Montresor runs into Fortunato, and offers to share a nice bottle of wine. However, this bottle is in his catacombs. It is late at night, and Fortunato seems ill.
Fortunato becomes ill in the catacombs because of his cough. Montresor reminds Fortunato that Luchesi can drink the amontillado with him instead of Fortunato. Fortunato ressaures him that he is fine. Just in case, Montresor offers some wine to help with the cough. Montresor does this to lure Fortunato into the catacombs, so he can get his revenge.
Montresor and Fortunato are becoming closer and closer to their destination. They have also found the Coat of Arms of the Montresor Family. It depicts a foot crushing a snake in a field. Montresor states the family motto: "No one provokes me with impunity." This foreshadows what will occur soon: Montresor's revenge on Fortunato for insulting him.