Reducing the administration of opioids and benzodiazepines may lead to reduced length of stays and therefore lower costs to patients and institutions.
It is thought that music therapy works by initiating the downregulation of the sympathetic nervous system.
Ebrahimi, R & TAN, W 2018. 'Role of Music for Conscious Sedation During Invasive Cardiac Catheterization', The American Journal of Cardiology.
Playing music during a cardiac catheterisation is simple and through retrospective analysis could be considered as an adjunct to conscious sedation or alternate therapy.
The use of music therapy can be effective in reducing the amount of sedation or analgesia required for patients despite having a diagnosis of chronic pain, drug addiction, alcohol abuse, back pain, PTSD or anxiety.