Dramatic Irony: An oracle comes and tells Laius and Jocasta that their son (Oedipus) will kill his father and marry his mother. In turn they give the son to their servant for him to be left on a hill side and die, but in reality he ends up being given to a Corinthian herdsman and adopted.The parents are under the impression that he is dead. However, the audience knows that he has now been adopted.
Catharsis: In the story, Oedipus solves a riddle that is given by a sphinx. In return a curse is lifted. As a result Oedipus feels a sense of release and his people praise him for saving them.
Hubris: The Oracle of Delphi told Oedipus that he was destined to kill his father and sleep with his mother. Oedipus tried to escape his fate by never returning to Corinth, the city where he grew up, in hopes that he could change his fate.
Hamartia: After being told that Polybos and Merop weren't his real parents, Oedipus decided to leave Corinth forever. (Acting in anger) While wandering he ends up getting into a verbal and physical dispute: which intensified his anger and resulted in him killing all four men. Not knowing that one of them was his biological father, Laius.
MOVE! let the carriage come through.
Anagnorisis: Oedipus finds out that his adopted father, Polybus, has passed away. In this he also discovers that he is not his biological father. He is also told about his true life; which is a turning point in the story due to the fact that him and his mother now realize that the prophecy about his killing his father and marrying his mother has come to fruition.
Peripeteia: As a result of the anagnorsis, his mom killed herself and Oedipus pierces himself in the eye.