We will talk about the branches of government, the bill of rights, and other things in the US government.
My name is Donald Trump,
And my name is Qin Shi Huang!
Let's get started. The Legislative Branch is made up of The Senate and the House of Representatives. Their job is to make laws. The Judicial Branch is made of up of judges and courts. Their job is to interpret and explain the laws. And finally, the Executive Branch is made up of the President, Governors, and his cabinet. Their job is to carry out laws, lead the country, and do things with laws.
The difference between the federal, state, and local governments is that the federal government controls the US, the state government controls the states in the US, and the local government basically controls the counties and cities in a state. The local government has the most immediate impact on people, so the state and federal governments have less of an impact first. The state and the federal governments have constitutions and branches, but a local one doesn't. A local one is self-run. So, you can see that all of these are different.
In the federal government, there are things known as Checks and Balances. These are there because they can keep one branch from overpowering another. They protect the rights of citizens. For example, The legislative branch makes a law, the executive branch can veto it, and the judicial branch can label it as unconstitutional. All of the branches check on each other and it also protects the rights of citizens.
The Bill of Rights are rights listed in the constitution. There are 10 of them and they are 1: Freedom of speech, religion, etc. 2: Right to own a gun. 3: The government can't place troops in homes. 4: You can't search and seizure a place without a warrant or without a reason. 5: The right to not testify in court if they might incriminate themselves. and so you don't get charged with the same crime again. 6: A speedy trial for citizens, you can confront with witnesses, and the government will give you a lawyer. 7: Civil cases will also be tried with a jury. 8: No cruel or unusual punishment (Like death sentence, huge bail). 9: People still have rights that are not listed (like the right to drink water). and 10: Gives power not given to the US government to the state or citizens.
And these amendments can also be violated! For example, You are in your house minding your own business. Then, a police officer searches your house without a warrant. This is violating the 4th amendment that you can search a place without a reason or warrant. Another example is you steal a bag of Jolly Ranchers candy, and at court, the jury gives you a bail of a Billion dollars! This is violating the 8th amendment that there is no unusual punishment (in this case a huge bail). So, we have covered the Branches of Government, The types of Government, Checks, and Balances, and the Bill of Rights. That is it for now. See you later!