The confederates unexpectedly ran into the Union army in the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where the battle of Gettysburg began.
This will be a swift Union victory.
My troops are strong enough to win this.
July 1st, 1863 marks the first day of fighting in the battle. The union gathered on cemetery ridge, where they defended and had the high ground for the first day of fighting.
Fall back to Cemetery Ridge!
The second day was on July 2nd, 1863. General Robert E. Lee ordered his men to siege Little Round Top, where the Union was holding position. They attacked unsuccessfully until nightfall, when the fighting ended.
Siege the hill!
General George Pickett of the Confederacy led 5,000 men in a charge across Emmitsburg Road where the Union held a position, and lost over half of his men in this 50 minute battle known as Pickett's Charge, on July 3rd, 1863.
The Battle of Gettysburg was the most important battle in the civil war because there were over 51,000 casualties, and it was a turning point. (a time at which a decisive change in a situation occurs, especially one with beneficial results.)
Abraham Lincoln delivered a 2 minute speech, known as the Gettysburg Address at the Gettysburg Cemetery on November 19th, 1863.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.