The history of transportation from wagons to spacecraft. By Byron & Benice
The invention of the wheel 5000 years ago completely changed the way humans traveled. This allowed for wheeled carts pulled by horses to be created. Allowing speeds of up to 20 km per hour.
Egyptians were the first to make wooden boats. Boats evolved into ships with slim hulls and high masts. This allowed for travel all over the world. This later led to ships with propellers and diesel powered engines.
Railways were made to transport a large amount of goods. Steam engines were invented by Thomas Newcomen and improved by James Watt. They traveled on a rail that guided them to their destinations, allowing for faster travel.
Motor run wagons were made in the 1900s by Henry Ford and his company Ford Motors. The original idea came from German inventor Karl Benz. These allowed for a more personal mode of transport which is much faster than ever before, able to reach speeds of 64-72 km per hour at the time.
In 1783, the Montgolfier brothers developed the design of the hot air balloon. Although these could not travel far as they could only travel downwind.
So, in 1799 the design for a fixed-wing flying machine (aeroplane) was developed by Sir George Cayley. First developed and flown by the Wright brothers on December 17, 1903,
This was all a result of the Space Race between the superpowers USA and the Soviet Union to prove dominance over one another. This paved the way for a completely revolutionary mode of transport, spacecraft. In fact,there is excitement that we may be on Mars by 2024
On April 12, 1961 Yuri Gagarin became the first person in space. Followed by Alan Shepard, who became the first American in space on May 5, 1961. From the 16th of July to the 24th of July 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon.