There were two types of societies throughout the Southeast Asia region. One of those being the agricultural region, which had a farming based economy. The other being a trading society, which had a trading based economy. In this society, they depended primarily on trade for their income.
After the emergence of states in this region, trade really expanded and reached even greater heights after the Muslim conquest of northern India. The rise in demand for spices also added to the growing volume of trade. As wealth of Europe and Southeast Asia increased, demand grew for the products.
In Southeast Asia, the rich citizens at the top of the social ladder lived in the major cities. Beyond the major cities lived the rest of the population, which was mostly farmers, fishers, artisans, and merchants (who were heavily taxed.)
Most of the societies in Southeast Asia gave greater rights to woman than the did their counterparts in China and India. Women worked side by side with men in the fields and often played an active role in trading activities.
Of all the existing structures at Angkor Thom, the temple of Angkor Wat is the most famous and most beautiful. It combines Indian architectural techniques with native inspiration.
Hindu and Buddhism began to move into Southeast Asia in the first millennium A.D. In all Southeast Asian societies, old beliefs were blended with those of the new faiths.