Rome Before the Punic Wars: -A mere peninsula -had soldiers and farmers -less money -built empire through conquest and bloodshed -had more manpower
All of Rome!! We have to conquer Cathrage. They are growing fast and steady and we have to get to them before they get to us.
Carthage Before the Punic Wars: -Mirrored Rome in many ways -Phoenician colony -Capital of a coastal empire -Smarter -Wealthier -Founded earlier than Rome
Here in Carthage we are doing very good. We’re growing much stronger, wealthier, and smarter at a very fast rate.
The First Punic War: -fought over the island of Sicily -the city of Carthage tried to keep war at sea whilst the Romans tried to bring it to land -this war lasted 24 years until Carthage was forced to land and forced to pay a fine which left them broke and they couldn’t pay it. -In Result Rome took advantage and added Corsica and Sardinia to its empire.
Second Punic War: -Carthage spread to the Iberian peninsula, -Romans were very scared -Carthage built up there army and Rome built up their Navy -Carthage went over the Alps to attack and they took down every Roman army but unable to take Rome -Carthage was now the size of a city
Third Punic War:-After 50 years Carthage finally payed off the indemnity -Rome demanded that Carthage abandon their city and settle 10 miles inland -Carthage refused causing the 3rd punic war -This led to the end of Carthage
Impact: Rome burned Carthage to the ground and took total control, these wars made Romes small city expand to a ruling empire. Both cities fell in 146 BCE