Zoe Hoover P.3 Jamestown
On April 26, 1607 three ships from ENGLAND landed on the coast of VIRGINIA. They put their SETTLEMENT 60 miles up the JAMES RIVER and named it JAMESTOWN. The land was SWAMPY and had many disease ridden MOSQUITOES .
JOHN ROLFE planted TOBACCO which later became a very much wanted CASH CROP. The ENGLISH brought in SLAVES that would live on a PLANTATION to pick the tobacco. TOBACCO became a big part of the English ECONOMY.
In 1619 a dutch ship arrived from Africa with 20 SLAVES. They were to work on the PLANTATIONS picking TOBACCO. As the Tobacco farming got bigger more slaves were needed to maintain the crops, so they brought more slaves in from Africa.
KING JAMES I gave a CHARTER to the LONDON COMPANY allowing them to establish a COLONY in VIRGINIA. CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH later became the leader of the settlement.
Why is it suprising that Jamestown was a success? It's suprising that Jamaestown was a success because 40 men died on the voyage to Virginia. Then the colonists decided to settle on smampy land with disease bred mosquitos. After the first year nearly half of the colonists died due to malnutrition and disease. With a drought, fires, Indian attacks, disease, and starvation hundreds died in the winter of 1609-1610.
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