Geography and Development of Rome

Geography and Development of Rome
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BY Jonah Stillion

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • Rome was located about 12 miles inland from the Mediterranean Sea in Italy. Italy is a peninsula a that looks like a boot kicking a ball. 
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • The boys were abandoned at birth and thrown into the River Tiber in a carriage. However, they were rescued by a wolf. After being found by the a shepherd who raised them to adulthood, the twins decided to establish a city where the wolf had raised them. However, the pair argued about who should name the city. Romulus killed Remus in a fight.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • Two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus. Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A cuniculus was a long underground trench connected by vertical shafts to the ground above. Etruscan's used these trenches to irrigate land, and drain swamps
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • The Romans  adapted two Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting.  Slaves would fight during the funerals of there masters. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death. After being congratulated, the winner was executed. Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. The drivers were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses. 
  • The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns. The Romans used Greek designs in their own public buildings. Eventually, they learned to use concrete to create even larger structures, such as the Pantheon in Rome.
  • The Romans adapted many of the Greek gods as their own, but they gave them Roman names.  Romans were more concerned with performing exactly the right ritual for a particular occasion. The Etruscan's adopted the Greek alphabet then changed it, The Romans than used the Etruscan's alphabet. Many Roman writers were inspired by Greek poetry and myths.  The Romans acquired some Greek ideas from Etruscan art and borrowed others directly from the Greeks. Pottery was one of them, many historians refer to greeco-roman art. 
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