Hester is forced to stand on the scaffold to shame her publicly for her sin. Hester is holding pearl who is blocking her scarlet letter but Pearl still shows Hester's sin of adultery, Pearl is a symbol of her sin and Hester is ashamed of her.
Reverend Dimmesdale decides to go out one night and stands on the scaffold with Hester and Pearl while Roger Chillingworth watches. Dimmesdale's shame and sin is shown when he climbs the scaffold and stands with Hester and Pearl, the scaffold is a symbol for this. Dimmesdale wants to stand on the scaffold when everyone can see but he is afraid.
Reverend Dimmesdale goes up to the scaffold after his sermon and confesses his sin. Dimmesdale wants to get rid of the sin that has been torturing him, so he easily gets everyone's attention and tells them his secret, He dies soon after. Dimmesdale on the scaffold is a symbol for his torture from being ashamed of his sin.
After many days some people who saw Dimmesdale speak said that they saw him with a Scarlet Letter on his chest just like Hester, except his letter was imprinted in his skin. Dimmesdale's Scarlet letter symbolized his deep shame of his sin.
Hester returns to her hometown and continues doing charity work.Eventually, Hester dies and is buried next to Dimmesdale next to King's Chapel. One tombstone is over both of their graves and it says, "ON A FIELD, SABLE, THE LETTER A, GULES". Their scarlet letters were a symbol for their sin and shame and they are both remembered for that.
ON A FIELD, SABLE, THE LETTER A, GULES.
Pearl is married and now has a family of her own. She lives happily and remembers her mother and father.