Imperialism is when a stronger country takes over a weaker country. Stronger countries dominated Africa's political, economic, and social life.
In the early 1800s Indians began to demand a greater role in governing themselves. Two nationalism groups (Indian National Congress & the Muslim League) formed
In 1835, the Crimean War took place. The Ottoman's military weakness was revealed with their fight against the Russians, and the empire declined greatly in size.
(1857) Due to a rumor it was assumed that rifle cartridges were greased in cow and pig fat. Hindus viewed the cow as sacred and Muslims did not eat pigs. Both groups were outraged as they thought they were being forced to go against their religions. They then tried to slaughter British armies.
The Suez Canal, a human-made waterway connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean was opened in 1869. Because the project was so expensive, Egypt was $450 million in debt and failed to pay European bankers. The British occupied Egypt in 1882.
The prevent conflict,, European nations established the Berlin Conference in 1884-1885. This was made to divide Africa between them peacefully, and it sealed Africa's fate.