We want a strong national government with three branches that would be responsible for different task.
So that each would keep the other from growing too powerful. The legislature would consist of two houses based on representation.
New Jersey Plan
I'm William Paterson and we also want a strong national government with three branches. We only want a legislature of only one house featured equal representation in which each state had the same number of representatives.
The Great Compromise
Both states wanted three branches of government to protect abuse. They called for creation of a two-house legislature. The Lower House is the house of representative, it would be elect by popular vote and would be based on population. (made the Virginia Plan happy). The Upper House would be chosen by the state legislature and each state no matter what size would have Two Senators.(made the New Jersey Plan happy).
Northern States Perspective
Since you guys can't vote and don't count for population of representation, you are now my PROPERTY!
You guys are important to sustain our economy. Slave are now included to the population counts because that would give us more representatives in the House of Representatives.
Southern States Perspective
The 3/5 Compromise
For every five slave, you guys would be equal to three free people. So, three of you can leave and the other two HAVE to stay.