The ancient Sumerians used a complex irrigation system to live. One of the ways they had a complex irrigation system was they invented canals, to make water go in different directions. They also invented the plow, the plow changed their way of life because it made their lives easier.
Hi! My name is Ella Bassett, and I am here to tell you about the Ancient Sumerians.
Social Structure and Government
In the Sumerians Government, at the top was the Priest. Priests are the ones who chose the king. The king and government officials were also at the top level. At the mid level, there was the Merchants, and artisans. At the bottom level there are the slaves. Priests ruled the civilization and Scribes wrote all the rues and laws for the civilization.
The ancient Sumerians believed in gods and goddesses. They showed how they cared for them by creating statues and ziggurats. Ziggurats were like large towers with stairs on the outside. They made statues to show the gods how much they cared about them so the gods would take care of them in the afterlife.
The ancient Sumerians very strongly believed in the arts. The arts were a part of their culture. Some of the arts were music and painting. There were also metal workers that made tools, cups and decorative items. Music was a big part of their culture. It brought joy to them and the Gods, they believed. The Lyre was a popular musical instrument made of a music box and strings.
The ancient Sumerians made many developments. One of the most important was the wheel. The wheel evolved by first being used for pottery, then for carts or chariots for farmers. Before they created the wheel they had sledges, flat bottom carts, to farm with.
The ancient Sumerians created a highly sophisticated written language, called Cuneiform. The word comes from the Latin word "wedge" because they used a wedge-like tool to etch their words onto stones. They also used pictographs to describe objects. A pictograph is like a picture describing an object, like a bowl or snake.