In the 1830's the Native American Tribe of Cherokees living in Georgia, were being pushed out of their homes and taken away their rights.
Get out of here! We need this land!!
A man named Samuel Worcester lived in the Cherokee territory and stood for the Native's rights. When the law passed that said no non-Native American people were allowed to occupy the Indian territories, it pushed him over the edge. This is what caused him to go to the Supreme Court with his complaints.
On February 20th in 1832 they went to court. Worcester vs. Georgia. The verdict ruled in favor of Worcester and it became law that states had no authority within Cherokee territory. Marshall partially ruled this to protect the Native Americans from further destruction.
All in favor of Worcester say I.
This court case was so controversial because Andrew Jackson ends up disobeying the ruling of Marshall. It ends up truly uncovering Jackson's disrespect of the supreme court.
"John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it."
In 1838, Jackson enforced the Natives removal that is called the Trail Of Tears. This made the Indians move to Oklahoma. They got there by walking.
As you can see the Worcester vs. Georgia ruling was not enforced. In the end, the U.S. government ended up giving the land to farmers to grow crops such as cotton to continue the growth of the United States.