Jackson's Presidency

Jackson's Presidency

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  • Jackson as the “People’s President”
  • If you vote for me and I will expand democracy in favor of the common people.
  • Ok.
  • Spoils System
  • I'm going to fire you and then give your position to someone who supported me even though they have less experience.
  • Why...?
  • Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet"
  • We should call Jackson's Cabinet the "Kitchen Cabinet" because his advisors are unqualified and incompetent.
  • Yeah, let's do that.
  • Jackson was elected President by the common people. He believed in expanding democracy and making sure more people could vote. This is significant because, before Jackson, it was mostly the elite who participated in politics. The common person now had more political power.
  • The Nullification Crisis of 1828-1833
  • Sir, South Carolina passed a law that nullified the new tax law and is threatening to secede.
  • I'll pass a law to use federal troops to enforce the law.
  • Jackson thought that the government needed to be more responsive to the public, so he fired most of the already existing employees and replaced them with his supporters even if they had little experience. This is significant because it eventually leads to Jackson's advisors being called "the Kitchen Cabinet".
  • Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears
  • Jackson often took advice from friends, supporters, and unqualified sources which lead to his opponents to call his cabinet the "Kitchen Cabinet". The Kitchen Cabinet was a result of the Spoils System.
  • The Bank War
  • I will remove all the money from the National Bank, which will surely end it.
  • ....Why? That sort of seems like an abuse of power.
  • 4 years after the Tarif of Abominations, a new tax angered the South, specifically South Carolina. South Carolina passed a law that could nullify a law and threatened to secede from the Union.  This was significant because to try and solve this problem, Jackson passed the Force Law to use Federal Troops to enforce the law.  In the end, they compromised but it remained a loose issue.
  •  Indian Removal Act: In effort to expand Westward, white settlers pressured Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Congress made what is now Oklahoma "Indian Territory".  This is significant because it leads to the Trail of Tears.  Trail of Tears: Over 1/4th of the Indians who were forced to move West died of starvation, exposure, or disease.
  • Jackson believed that the National Bank was unconsitutional even though in the McCulloch vs. Maryland case, it was ruled as constitutional. He decided to remove all the money and distribute it to smaller banks, which ended the National Bank. This was significant because many thought that Jackson was abusing his power; even his supporters.
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