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September 14, 1901 The 26th President is introduced, Theodore Roosevelt, a Republican from New York
As muckrakers continued to heighten the public's awareness of the harsh and gross realities of the meat and food preparation, Roosevelt knew a change had to come. He began by creating the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 followed by the Pure Food and Drug Act. Both were supposed to prevent adulteration and/or misbranding. Therefore food and drugs had to be safe and sanitary for human consumption.
The Jungle By: Upton Sinclair
Shortly after becoming president Roosevelt used his power to protect wildlife and public lands by creating the United States Forest Service (USFS), establishing 150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks, and 18 national monuments.
"We have become great because of the lavish use of our resources. But the time has come to inquire seriously what will happen when our forests are gone, when the coal, the iron, the oil, and the gas are exhausted, when the soils have still further impoverished and washed into the streams, polluting the rivers, denuding the fields and obstructing navigation."
Although the Sherman Anti-Trust Act that prohibits monopolies was put into place before Roosevelt was in office he used it to try to stop monopolies during his presidency. Roosevelt urged his Justice Department to dismantle the Northern Securities Corporation. At issue was its control of railroading in the northern tier of the United States from Chicago to the Pacific Northwest. After losing in the lower courts, Northern Security trustees appealed to the Supreme Court, which ruled 5-4, the Northern Securities Corporation violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. This would be considered the first major example of trust-busting during Roosevelt’s presidency
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
AVERAGE WORKERS VS. ROBBER BARON 1 - 0
The Coal Strike of 1902 (Pennsylvania) began after railroad companies which owned the mines refused to meet with representatives of the union. Workers called for shorter work weeks and higher wages, negotiations between the owners and the miners were ineffective. Roosevelt feared that a coal shortage would result in hardship to citizens during the winter, therefore he stepped in. By using a combination of negotiation tactics he halt the strike and gained a modest pay increase for the miners
President Roosevelt initiated the Immigration Act of 1907. Incoming immigrants had to pay $4 "head-tax" rather than the original $2. As well the number of Muslim and Japanese Immigrants became limited under this law. Women as well were targeted and deported if suspected of arriving due to arranged marriages or prostitution. Physically or mentally disabled children without parents were banned as well. All of these restrictions were meant to only bring in "good" citizens.
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