Let's start from the very beginning of this imperialism story:
Starting this business was a great idea, wasn't it?
Why, yes! We have been so successful!
वे क्या कर रहे हैं? (What are they doing?)
As the company grew, it began to hire soldiers, known as the Sepoys, to guard the business grounds, and positions.
India was under British rule for almost 200 years! It had developed various cultures during the time of its capture, and its variety in culture may have also contributed to it's conquering. There is no wonder why the British used the phrase "Divide and Conquer" when they were discussing strategies of capture. Britain's rule over India had controversial effects.
Around the years of 1857 to 1858, a great revolt took place in India, involving the Sepoy soldiers. This was called the Sepoy Rebellion, for obvious reasons.
What'll happen when mom finds out that they want us to capture Oudh?
The British were trading in India since the 1600s. Over time, a group of businessmen decided to start the British East India Company, responsible for trading cotton, silk, tea, and opium, native to the Asian country. Their business started and had much success.
Also, another event further confirmed their belief that the British wanted to convert their religion.
This is unbelievable! First, they decide to rule over Oudh, and now, they expect us to use these rifles?! They have cow fat on them, and they know that Hindus can't eat cows. They want conversion!
These Indians were brave enough to defend the property of another country in their land. Ironically, these Sepoy guards were one of the first to oppose to the British in their actions. What had happened that caused them to disobey?
The soldiers believed that the British were trying to convert their religion, forcing them to eat foods that were restricted to them. This was too much for the soldiers, so, with the help of the Mughals, they carried out a violent revolt.
The Sepoy soldiers were frustrated about various things that the company wanted to do, and what they did. One of them was the decision to rule over Oudh, a nearby region that recently lost it's ruler. If Britain took over Oudh, a rich and cultural part of India, it would be disrespectful and a cultural insult. They considered this outrageous.
I can't believe that they want us to capture Oudh!
Yeah. All they want to do is turn us all into Christians. What have we done to them?
The British government sent new rifles to the Sepoy army. These new guns had new cartridges that were greased down by cow and pig fat, meaning that they had to put their mouth on this material in order to get the gunpowder out. This was against the Sepoy soldiers’ religion. They could not eat cow (Hindus thought it was sacred) or pig (Muslim dietary restrictions).
They have cow fat on them?! That's it. We need to do something now.
This revolt was horrific, as there were many deaths. Not only was this devastating, but the truth about the rifles still is confusing. This revolt was viewed as mutiny to the British, since the Sepoys were part of the British government. In the end, this revolt led to the British owning more Indian land. Their rebellion gave birth to not only to Britain gaining land, but to protests.