We got nothing, this land is not meant for farming.
How was the harvest?
Impact of the Railroad
I'm here to get a job. I think I'll work on the railroad.
I'm getting away from my life in the south.
That's why I'm here too. To get rich.
I'm off to the mine. I hear there's plenty of silver out there.
Homesteading was when the 1862 Homestead Act gave free or very cheap 160 acres to anyone who agreed to live there. As they lived there they had to try their best to improve the land. It was a hard job with New Mexico's dry climate and many failed and had to return home.
I think Mr. Harvey is coming!
Oh my! We must have evrything in order before he gets here.
I forgot to polish the silverware!
From 1880-1915 over 3,000 miles of railroad were built in New Mexico. It was called the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and eventually connected to the Southern Pacific Railroad. The railroad brought many people to the west because of jobs and wanting to start a new life.
The ruins and pottery are disgusting. They need to be gone.
Certain things, especially mining, brought many people to a single area overnight. After that certain resource was gone from the area, most of the people that came left, often leaving that town deserted. These towns were called boomtowns.
Get out of my way!
The Harvey Houses were restaurants along the Santa Fe Railroad. The owner was Fred Harvey and he hired only women to work his restaurants and had very strict rules for them. They were called Harvey Girls. The Harvey Houses brought many repeat customers and urged people to keep riding the railroad because good food made it a better experience.
Many people came to New Mexico to see the area and enjoy the warm climate and experience the culture. But some people thought that the native ruins were ugly and should be destroyed. As a result, rude visitors stole ancient pottery and much of what was stolen was never returned.
The wild west was a time when rules were nothing but a suggestion. It was full of crime, guns, and more. The reason was because there were very few law enforcers in New Mexico. This time of violence started in the 1960's to the 1990's. Many small wars happened, including Lincoln County War and the Colfax Country war.