Come! Learn about the phases of the fur trade with me!
Phase One: The Early Fur Trade
I really like to fish...
Phase Two: Expansion Inland
Me give gun. You give furs.
Learn About The Phases Of The Fur Trade With Me!
Phase Three: Rival Networks
Trade with ME!
No! Trade with ME!
Europeans come to the east coast to fish. First Nations would occasionally trade with them. British set up stations on land to dry the fish. French only came ashore to refresh their water supplies.
Phase Four: The Drive West
Git off the land, trader!
New France is established and dominating North America. The fur trade was the center of the economy in New France.
Phase Five: Monopoly In The West
I'm out of the job! WAAAAAH!
Britain formed the Hudson's Bay Company, which competed directly with France. Illegal courier de bois started trading furs independently.
Northwest Company took over the French fur trade. It was owned by Britain, but had French and Metis people working for it. New France becomes a British colony in 1763. Eventually Britain's farming want drove the fur traders off the land.
HBC and NWC merged. They lost their monopoly as Metis are now allowed to independently supply pemmican and furs to Americans. Beaver became scarce, now there is less demand for furs in Europe. Ruperts land was sold to Canada. The fur trade lost it's significance.