In the late 1800s, Alexander III and his son, Nicholas II, sought to industrialize the country and build Russia’s economic strength.
czars wanted to import western industrialization, they hoped to block the ideals of the French Revolution.
Russian liberals called for a constitution and reforms that would eliminate corruption in government. Both Alexander and Nicholas used harsh tactics, such as the use of secret police, to suppress reform.
Peasants faced many difficulties. Most were too poor to buy the land they worked.
On Sunday, January 22, 1905, a march occurred in St. Petersburg. The peaceful marchers wanted reform (change) however, the czar (Nicholas II) called in soldiers to put down the uprising.
Bloody Sunday destroyed the people's trust and hope in the czar.
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