Abraham, the father of the Hebrews, took his people to Canaan because it was the promised land and they could trade in Palestine.
Abraham took his people place to place and the Hebrews introduced monotheism. The Hebrews had a covenant with Yahweh to obey him. In return, he would watch over them.
The Hebrews migrated to Egypt due to famine. At first, they were treated well; however, they were quickly forced into slavery. Moses came and lead his people away to Canaan. Moses formed a new covenant, The 10 Commandments.
Unfortunately, Moses died. The Hebrews still returned to Canaan. They became farmers and herders. They organized into 12 tribes so a judge would have to resolve their problems.
Life at Canaan was bad due to it being hot and dry. There were three kings but the best was David. He was the most popular.
King Solomon created a temple, which was one of his greatest accomplishments. However, the people got upset with him. Their taxes were raised and the people got mad.