Mr. Marvin Pickering was an Illinois school teacher in 1967.
Mr. Pickering was angry that sports were being funded as a priority over educational programs. He wrote a letter to the Lockport Herald to vent about his frustrations with his school system.
Mr. Pickering was terminated for his criticisms but didn't give up on his devotion to his job.
Mr. Pickering sued in the state of Illinois in defense of his letter, as he believed it was protected under the 1st Amendment.
The justice system ruled in favor of Mr. Pickering in 1968, three times. One of these was rulings were in the Supreme Court, an 8-1 decision. The SC would've ruled against him if his claims were false, but there was no proof there were false.
Mr. Pickering recieved his job back following the rulings. He set a very important historical precedent.