Hey, Mr. Hubacher, do you mind telling me some information about how the constitution was created?
The Declaration of Independence was created in 1776, which declared the United States Independence from Britain. The Articles of Confederation was the first written and approved version of the constitution in 1781 to sustain Independence. As time passed, people began to realize that the Articles of Confederation had a lot of problems.
No I don’t mind at all. Before the constitution was written there was other documents like the Declaration of Independence, and the Articles of Confederation.
What did they do about the AOC problems?
Another compromise was related to how much power a state should get. There were ideas like the New Jersey Plan which suggested there only be one house and each state gets one vote. The Virginia plan preferred that there be a bicameral system in which there are two houses that correlate to population. The agreement was known as the Great Compromise which stated the system would have two houses, one based of population (H.O.R.) and one with equal representation (senate).
A Constitutional Convention was held to discuss and write a new constitution that was more agreeable for all the states. There were a lot of differences, and numerous compromises were made. For example, the 3/5 Compromise was when it was decided to count a slave as 3/5 of a person.
How can you make sure no area of government gets too powerful?
Well Checks and Balances was established to distribute power among individuals and groups, along with Separation of Powers. Separation of Powers is to ensure that there were specific jobs every one was accounted for.
Along with these systems, three different branches of government were organized. The Executive Branch enforces law and consists of the president, vice president, and the cabinet. The legislative Branch creates the laws, control budget, and impeach the president which consists of the H.O.R. and the senate. The Judicial branch interprets the laws and consists of supreme courts, appeals, and judges.
Did all of these people agree to the new constitution?
Actually no, there was a big disagreement between two major groups that were considered the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The Federalists supported the constitution and though no changes were necessary. Anti-Federalists on the other hand, Anti-Federalists would not agree to ratifying the constitution until the Bill of Rights was added to it.
What is the Bill of Rights?
The Bill of Rights was known as the first ten amendments of the constitution that ensured the rights of people, which is why the Anti-Federalists wanted to keep it in the constitution.
Did everyone eventually agree to it?
Yes the Ratification of the Constitution, which means it was approved, was in 1788. The Constitution could not be officially approved unless nine out of the thirteen states agreed.