Rome is on the peninsula, Italy. It is just north of the Mediterranean Sea. Their religion was polytheistic. The beginning of Rome started with Romulus and Remus. They were twins who are said to have started Rome.
Rome started as a Monarchy with kings ruling.
Rome decided to overthrow the monarchy as the last king they had was terrible. They didn't want anymore kings. Rome started to become a republic where representatives started to rule on the citizens behalf.
The highest position in the republic was the Senate. The Senate was made of wealthy landowners. 2 men were selected by the Senate to be a consul. The consul could veto laws. They were like the head of the Senate.
In Rome, they had 2 main classes. The patricians were the rich upper class and plebeians were the lower working class. The patricians made the laws.