Why did Stonewall have to die after getting shot by his own troop?
Gettysburg Population: 2,400
I need to stop Lee, but where is he?
The First Day
You cannot over run this defensive position.
Retreat to Cemetery Ridge and Culp's Hill!
Call for reinforcements.
The Second Day
Little Round Top
We need to capture Little Round Top.
This is so vicious!
Confederate General Robert E. Lee was attacking the North, hopping to break their will to fight. Lee was lacking enemy intelligence, because his cavalry chief, "Jeb" Stuart, wasn't scouting. Union General George G. Meade had only just replaced his former commander, General Joseph Hooker, three days ago, after he resigned.
On July 1st, 1863 Lee sent a raiding party to get supplies from Gettysburg. The raiding party ran into Meade's men and started fighting. The large Confederate army pushed back the Union army to Cemetery Ridge and Culp's Hill, where they put up a strong defensive position. Lee ordered General Ewell to stop them, but he hesitated. Confederate General Longstreet thought the Union position would be impossible to over run and warned Lee, but Lee didn't think so.
Don't follow them.
On July 2nd, Lee launched an attack on the left side of the Union line, trying to capture Little Round Top and Culp's Hill. Lee knew he would win if he had Little Round Top. The fighting was very vicious, but the Union eventually forced the Confederates to pull back. The attack on Little Round Top was unsuccessful, but the Confederates were able to capture part of Culp's Hill. At the end of the day the Union still held a strong defensive position.
We are fighting so everyone has rights.
"...that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain..."
On July 3rd, Lee thought the Union was ready to break. So he launched an assault on the center of the Union line, called Pickett's Charge. The attack was unexpected so the center of the line had only about 5,750 Union troops there. Before the attack Lee bombarded the Union line with artillery. Thinking it did a lot of damage 15,000 Confederate soldiers, lead by General Pickett, charged. Only a few of them reached the Union line before they retreated, leaving behind 7,500 casualties.
We must have done a lot of damage.
On July 4th, Lee retreated from the North and went on the defensive. Meade's win gave the North hope that the war could be won, even though Lincoln was angry that Meade didn't follow Lee. The battle also stopped the South's search for foreign aid. The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, with 51,000 casualties and 7,800 dead. It was also a turning point in the war, The North now went on the offensive and the South on the defensive.
Lincoln's speech at the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery, the Gettysburg Address, was a brief speech that was about 270 words and 2 minutes long. The speech reminded the North why they were fighting, and shifted the focus to abolishing slavery. The cemetery is a 17 acre plot of land to commemorate the soldiers that died in the battle. There are several monuments, including a central one to symbolize war, history, plenty, and peace, which the graves are arranged in a half-circle.