War of 1812

War of 1812

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  • In 1809 James Madison became the fourth President of the United States. During his presidency he faced a lot of issues and the most common was the War of 1812.
  • “I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
  • Another issue was impressment which was when the British would kidnap American sailors or workers and make them work for England. This made many in the U.S. very upset!
  • One of the causes of the war was Native resistance. The Natives would attack the colonists and the English would encourage and even reward for the attacks.
  • We have defeated the mighty British!
  • At first, in Phase 1, the war against Britain was mostly fought by the Navy. Commander Oliver Hazard Perry led the Navy and led them to victory against the British's strong forces. They drove them back into Canada and later General William Henry Harrison defeated them there in the Battle of Thames.
  • During Phase 2 of the war it was the destruction of Washington DC. The British had formed a blockade then came and burned down the White House. During this period was when Francis Scott Key was on a nearby boat and wrote what we know as the Star Spangled Banner.
  • We have once again defeated the British!
  • Then, during Phase 3, the British attacked New Orleans to try and cut off the use of the Mississippi. Madison sent Andrew Jackson to command and there were only 71 American casualties. They did not know that the war had already ended and the battle had been unnecessary under the Treaty of Ghent.
  • There were many effects of the war, but the main ones were increased patriotism, weakened Native resistance, and it sparked the Industrial Revolution. It started the Industrial Revolution because after the blockade was removed, people valued trading and manufcturing more.
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