Made up of clergy of Roman Catholic Church, was very rich and 1% of the population. Did not pay taxes and disagreed about Enlightenment ideas.
It is important to demand a new government!
Made up of rich nobles, held highest offices in government and disagreed about Enlightenment ideas. They were 2% of the population, owned 20% of the land and paid almost no taxes.
Bread price is double. What to eat?
Made up of bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers. Had no power to influence government but embraced Enlightenment ideas. They paid around 50% taxes.
A WEAK LEADER
You should increase taxes to the bourgeoisie. We need money!
New views about power and authority in government were spreading among the Third Estate and inspired them.They began to demand equality, liberty, and democracy.
Duringthe 1770s and 1780s, France’s economy was in decline. High taxes made it almost impossible to conduct business and the cost of living was rising sharply. Bad weather caused a severe shortage of grain and many people faced starvation.
King Louis XVI was not a strong leader. He paid little attention to his government advisers, and to the details of governing. The queen Marie Antoinette often interfered in the government and frequently offered Louis poor advice.