How a Bill Becomes a Law in North Carolina's General Assembly

How a Bill Becomes a Law in North Carolina's General Assembly
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  • A bill is a proposed law that could be drafted by a legal authority. The bill being proposed today is making a law against having truck deliveries during the night. The Legislative Services Commission's Bill Drafting Division is able to draft bills at the request of the General Assembly. While introducing a bill, only a member of the General Assembly is allowed to do that. A member wishing to introduce this bill has already filed the bill with the Principal Clerk on the previous legislative day while it receives a bill number. Then the Reader Clerk reads the name of the introducer, the bill number, and the bill title. This bill has now passed its first reading.
  • A bill is a proposed law that could be drafted by a legal authority. The bill being proposed today is making a law against having truck deliveries during the night. The Legislative Services Commission's Bill Drafting Division is able to draft bills at the request of the General Assembly. While introducing a bill, only a member of the General Assembly is allowed to do that. A member wishing to introduce this bill has already filed the bill with the Principal Clerk on the previous legislative day while it receives a bill number. Then the Reader Clerk reads the name of the introducer, the bill number, and the bill title. This bill has now passed its first reading.
  • When taken the bill for reference of committee, the bill is assigned for careful study and recommendation. The bill is debated and discussed and if the committee approves the bill, it gets reported and put on the calendar for consideration by the full membership of the whole body. If they make any changes to the bill, it is called amendments.
  • While there is a consideration by the First House, the sponsor of the bill or chair of committee will explain what the bill is about, and then if any member wants to speak against it, they will be heard. Depending on what the bill is trying to pass, will decide how long the debate may be. If everyone is in favor of this bill then it will be passed to its second reading, third reading, and final reading for more debate.
  • Now it's time for consideration by the Second House! This house goes through the same process as the first house. This is when it is referred to the committee. If it is approved, it is then debated, discussed and voted on at the second and third readings.
  • If there are changes needed to be made, it will be sent back to the house to be debated and discussed. If the original house does concur, the bill will be ready to be enrolled and signed into law. If the original house disagrees to the amendments adopted in the other house, the two presiding officers may appoint members to a conference committee. This is where they seek to reconcile the differences.
  • The bill is finally enrolled after it passes both houses. The enrolled copy is taken to the presiding officers to sign. Once the second signature is affixed, the bill is now ratified, unless it's a local law which in that case, it becomes a law at that point. Now it's time for the Governor to approve or veto the bill and get ready for publication. The enrolled law is given a chapter number and is published under that number in a volume called "Session Laws of North Carolina."
  • The bill is finally enrolled after it passes both houses. The enrolled copy is taken to the presiding officers to sign. Once the second signature is affixed, the bill is now ratified, unless it's a local law which in that case, it becomes a law at that point. Now it's time for the Governor to approve or veto the bill and get ready for publication. The enrolled law is given a chapter number and is published under that number in a volume called "Session Laws of North Carolina."
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