it was WW2 and France was under the jurisdiction of the Germans.
The town of le chambon frequently and openly defied the Germans not in anger but by principle
Georges Lamirand, a visiting vichi official who was to have a grand stay, found theat the people of lechambon openly defied him and the rest of the germans, they even claimed that"we have jews, you're not getting them"
soon, multiple jews took refuge in le Chambon, and the citizens of the town helped them escape across the border.
Trocmé and Édouard Theis were arrested and imprisoned in an internment camp. After a month, the two were told they would be released—but only on the condition that they pledged to “obey without question orders given me by governmental authorities for the safety of France, and for the good of the National Revolution of Marshal Pétain.” Trocmé and Theis refused.
Trocme was traveling across the country, hiding refugees, when he was stopped and almost caught, if not for the fact that he managed to escape. however, if he was asked he would not have lied about his identity.