Numbered treatie 1 took place in The Eastern Woodlands were the Anishinabek and a Cree group lived. There territory spread from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Mississippi River they were happy there to continue there way of life. Treaty 1 was a eaight day negotiation
we dont want anything to change
we love our land
July 27 1871 in Fort Garry
Many days go by and there happy. Then Canada proposes a treaty known and treaty 1
Why do the white man come to our land
We welcome you to our village but we are confused of what brings you here
I cant understand what they want
However one the first two days they indroduced the concept of a reserve. The first nations did not like the idea
we are here to work out a deal with you. We want you to start Farming but without making derastic changes to your life
The First Nations were not happy about this. The treaty that was suppose to help them protect there rights and land turned into Canada trying to put them on reserves saying that they would still be able to continue there orignal way of life. It also did not help that most of them did not know what the treaty was stating because it was written in engish.
2 days went by and Canda came up with demands for the treaty however some of the First nations did not agree with this agreement and some of them did not understand what they were asking for because it was is english and not in there native tounge
Each band was to receive a reserve large enough to provide 160 acres for each family of five Each man, woman, and child was to be given one-time payment of three dollars, and a yearly annuity totalling $15 per family of five. The government also agreed to maintain a school on each reserve .
Why do they want us to move off of the land we are on
I will not go they can not make me
We were happy with our way off life before they came
The White man Kept refering to the Queen as " The Great Mother" and made lots of promises that were never kept this is what they said "Your Great Mother, therefore, will lay aside for you ‘lots’ of land to be used by you and your children forever. She will not allow the white men to intrude upon these lots. She will make rules to keep them for you, so that as long as the sun shall shine, there shall be no Indian who has not a place that he can call his home"
In addition to giving them the school and the reseves the goverment also demanded that they give up territory, release, surrender, and yield up to her Majesty the Queen