Crash Course Politics
Updated: 3/31/2020
Crash Course Politics
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Storyboard Text

  • Civil Liberties limit what a government can do while Civil Rights guarantee equality to all citizens
  • Lawyers differentiate rights even more by Substantive Liberties and Procedural Liberties
  • This changed after the Civil War where the Reconstruction Amendments were introduced
  • In the case Barron V. Baltimore - 1833, the court said that the Bill of Rights only applied to the Federal Government so they weren't protected from the states
  • The 14th Amendment being the most important for now it also protected citizens from the states as it did from the government
  • The 4th Amendment protects people from searches and seizures conducted by police officers yet it's not a complete right because, officers are allowed to search you if they have reasonable belief
  • When officers want to search and seize things as evidence they would need to go to receive a warrant from a judge
  • In order to acquire a warrant they need to present a judge with probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place being searched or objects that are to be seized
  • When police search a house without a warrant and find illegal things that they can't use that against the defendant in court
  • This is called the Exclusionary Rule- Unlawfully obtained evidence is excluded from the trial, sometimes called the "Fruit of the poisoned tree"
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