This scene is when Equality was chosen to be sent to the Home of the Street Sweepers. It sets the story in motion by putting Equality into a job he doesn't want to be in. It also shows how the Anthem society controls peoples' lives completely, down to what they will do their entire lives. It shows the beginning of Equality's individualistic thinking, since he was placed in a Home he didn't want to be in, as foreshadowed when he said "The will of our brothers be done" with its ironic undertones. As shown by the line "...we were happy, and proud of ourselves and of our victory over ourselves", this scene also reveals Equality's beliefs and resolve at the beginning of the book.
This scene takes place when Equality discovers a tunnel near the Uncharted Forest. It is important due to the tunnel's later significance to the story. The tunnel later becomes Equality's secret hideout, wherein his rebellious attitude grew and his curiosity was sated and grew. The discovery, also, reveals the rebellious attitude that he already harbored when he insisted they he and International "We shall not report our find...to any man". Through International agreeing to keep Equality's secret when he said "...if you wish it so, we shall obey you", it shows that Equality is not the only character with an individualistic mindset.
Equality meets Liberty in this scene, while she works in the fields. This triggers the start of his romantic feelings towards her, as shown in the line "But we (Equality) think of one among women (Liberty)...and we think of no other." These feelings also add to his growing feelings of rebellion. Equality's attraction to one person also strengthens his view on individualism, as it goes against his society's laws forbidding men "tak(ing) notice of women". Equality has broken another law, and he does not seem to regret it in this scene, no matter how "wrong" it is.
This scene is one of Equality's memories, of the one he called the "Transgressor of the Unspeakable Word". In this scene, it shows the cruel punishment the society delivers should one speak the word "I". It emphasizes the Anthem society's hate towards individualism. It also shows how early on Equality harbored individualistic thoughts, as even then he thought the Transgressor looked like a Saint, as shown with this line: "And we thought then...that the likeness of a Saint...was the likeness of the Transgressor..." It also had him express his desire to learn of the Unspeakable Word through the line "What...is the Unspeakable Word?"
Equality has discovered the remnants of the technology of the Unmentionable Times in his tunnel. In this chapter, his growing sense of individualism has reached a point where he can say "We...have discovered a new power of nature. And we have discovered it alone...and are alone to know it." This word, "alone", seems to be just as forbidden to the Anthem society as "I" is, as they both explicitly state the individual instead of the whole. The fact that Equality is one step closer to speaking the Unspeakable Word shows how much his character has developed since Chapter 1 already. This chapter also has him experimenting with electricity and learning that the "men of the Unmentionable Times had known our power in the sky", not understanding electricity.
This scene has Equality finally having a conversation with Liberty. Liberty, who had previously been described to have "eyes...with no fear in them", revealed her rebellious characteristics to Equality by expressing her favoritism towards him. They tell each other the names that they gave the other, showing even more examples of willing and conscious rebellion due to them defying society's rule to treat all equally. Liberty even asks him to repeat "Our dearest one", despite knowing it is forbidden to imply what he is implying. This scene supports the earlier belief that Equality is not the only person rebelling. against the society