The Treaty of Paris helped develop our government by the British recognizing us as an independent nation. They also had to take all of their troops out of America. We then had to pay off all the debts owed to merchants, and give property back to all the Loyalists we stole it from. This created peace between us and Britain. The final copy of the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783.
The Constitutional Convention
The Articles of Confederation helped our government by creating a plan for a new central government now that we are free from Britain. This was created by the Second Continental Congress in 1776. The Article were weak and let the states keep almost all the power. This told us we had to create a stronger central government. They came up with an idea to scratch the original Articles to make a better government.
Principles of the Constitution
PRINCIPLES OF THE CONSTITUTIONPopular Sovereignty Republican GovernmentLimited GovernmentFederalismSeparation of PowerChecks and BalancesIndividual Rights
Economic troubles started hitting America very hard at this pint. Farmers were having a very hard time getting crops to sell, so they could not pay taxes and debts. Many farmers wanted to do something because when they would not pay their taxes they would get thrown in jail. So in 1787 Shays led 1,200 farmers to seize ammunition and guns from the militia in Springfield Massachusetts. The militia killed 4 farmers while they were shooting into the crowd.
Three Branches of Government
The Constitutional Convention that was called in September 1786 by Alexander Hamilton. The meeting was in Philadelphia to discuss trade issues. Hamilton also thought they should talk about the changes need to make our government better, but George Washington did not like that idea until he heard about Shays´s Rebellion. At the meeting they did not revise the Articles. Instead they produced something completely new called the constitution.
There are seven main principles in the Constitution: Popular sovereignty which is the authority of the people, the Republican government which is when people vote for their leader, the limited government which is when the powers of the government are strictly defined, federalism which is when the state governments and the nations government share the power, separation of powers which is when the Constitution separated the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, checks and balances which is when they can veto to help not have one person have all the power, and individual rights which are your basic freedoms and liberties.
The legislative branch of government is the law making branch. It is made up of two houses: The House of Representatives and the Senate/Congress. The executive branch is run by the President, Vice President, and the cabinet. They carry out the nations laws that are passed. The Judicial branch is run by the Supreme Court. They run the main trials for the court of the federal government.