Cartago, known as the oldest city in Costa Rica was first inahibeted by Indigenous Huetares, located in towns such as Curriraba,Quercó, Coo (Aco), Istaró, Uxarraci, Abituri, Turichiqui.
In 1502 it was inhabited by Spaniards.
Cartago was founded as the Capital of Costa Rica by Juan Vázquez de Coronado. It wass a Capital from 1563 to 1823.In 1883, there was an increment of Asians in that city.
In 1635 an indigenous young girl found a small statue that represented Virgin Mary. It was officially declared to be the patron saint of Costa Rica in 1824. Since that event, the community started with a lot of influence and practice of Catholicism.
The Basilica Virgen de Los Angeles in Cartago was built in 1639, then hit by an earthquake. A restored structure was completed in 1722 and incorporates mixes of architectural styles like colonial and Byzantine. It is now visited by thousands of pilgrims every year.
Cartago has now different places to visit, rich in history and culture, such as Ujarrás Ruins, Guayabo National Monument and Convent of San Francisco. Besides that, there is a public university devoted to higher education, dedicated to teaching, research and extension activities of technology and related sciences for development called Costa Rica Institute of Technology (TEC), its main campus was built since 1971.