The Persians, led by Xerxes I, decided to meet the Athenian fleet off the coast of Salamis Island. Their fleet was much larger.
Themistocles argued in favor of fighting at Salamis, as the Persian fleet would be able to continually supply their army no matter how many defensive walls Eurybiades built
the Persians were exhausted from searching for the Greeks all night, but they sailed in to the straits anyway to attack the Greek fleet. They arrived at the Island of Salamis.
the much larger Persian fleet could not manoeuvre in the gulf, and a smaller contingent of Athenian and Aeginan triremes flanked the Persian navy. The Persians tried to turn back, but a strong wind sprang up and trapped them; those that were able to turn around were also trapped by the rest of the Persian fleet that had jammed the strait.
The chief Persian admiral Ariamenes rammed Themistocles' ship. In the hand-to-hand combat that followed Ariamenes was killed by a Greek foot soldier.
At least 200 Persian ships were sunk, including one by Artemisia, who apparently switched sides in the middle of the battle to avoid being captured and ransomed by the Athenians.