In “The Raven,” Edgar Allan Poe creates a suspenseful and mainly eerie mood through his choice of figurative language, setting, speaking, imagery, and tone.
In this quote the dying ember represents dying people and the embers spread over the ground shows that darkness. The word choice of dying and ghost add to the eerie mood of the poem making it descriptive and creapy.
“And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.”
Using midnight as a setting also contributes to the spooky, eerie theme. This is because midnight, in a traditional sense, is usually portrayed as a time when bad things can occur. The addition of the word dreary gives a sense of solemness and eeriness.
"Once upon a midnight dreary."
The speaker is lonely, depressed, scared, nervous, and desperate as shown in the quotes. These add suspense and a nervousness to whether the Raven is evil or not.
"While I pondered, weak and weary"
"Thing of evil!--prophet still, if bird or devil!"
“While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.”
This adds sound to the story and the use of "rapping and tapping" in the context of the story is very suspicious and nerve racking. This all added to the mood.
Tap! Tap! Tap!
The use of darkness and the word mortal make a dark tone and improve the mood that the audience feels due to the dark and sad tone.
“Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing,Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortals ever dared to dream before;”