Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering 
  •  Rome is located in Italy, and the vast area includes a peninsula and islands in Southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is described as "boot-shaped", stretching into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  •  A princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The special aspect about these twins was that their father was Mars, the Roman god of war. After jealousy arose in the family, the twins' uncle ordered death upon his nephews in the Tiber River.  A brave she-wolf then saved the twins, and raised them as her own.  Years later, the twins built the great city of Rome near the Tiber River, where the kind wolf helped them all those years ago.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The Romans developed in the field of engineering while being heavily influenced by the Etruscans. The two major structures the Romans borrowed from the Etruscans were the arch and the cuniculus. The arches rested on two pillars, which held up a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. The cuniculus was a long, underground trench used to irrigate land, drain swamps, and to distribute water to their various cities. 
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, Writing
  •  The Romans adopted a violent sporting event from the Etruscans, chariot racing. Chariot racing could end painfully if a racer was thrown off of their chariot and trampled by horses. Crowds of entertainment-hungry Romans gathered at the Colosseum to watch these bloody races take place.
  • Greek architecture inspired the Romans in ways such as their public buildings and temples. The Colosseum, a massive architectural feat for the Romans, was influenced by the original design of Greek theatres. The structure and layout of famous Greek temples, like the Parthenon, shaped the construction for Roman temples. An example is the Pantheon. This beautiful temple had stately columns that made the structure all the more magnificent.
  • Greek art, such as pottery, painting, and sculpture was adapted by the Romans. Eventually, the Romans were able to create incredibly realistic portraits. In Rome, religion was, to put it simply, copied off of the Greeks, but with Roman names. For instance, Zeus was now called Jupiter. Finally, the Romans altered both the Etruscan and Greek alphabets. Writing was also inspired by Greek poetry and myths. 
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