You are thane of Glamis and Cawdor, and you’re going to be king, just like you were promised. But I worry about whether or not you have what it takes to seize the crown. You want to be powerful, and you don’t lack ambition, but you don’t have the mean streak that these things call for. The things you want to do, you want to do like a good man. You don’t want to cheat, yet you want what doesn’t belong to you. Hurry home so I can persuade you and talk you out of whatever’s keeping you from going after the crown
(Letter from Macbeth)“They met me in the day of success, and I have learned by the perfectest report they have more in them than mortal knowledge. When I burned in desire to question them further, they made themselves air, into which they vanished. Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it came missives from the king, who all-hailed me 'Thane of Cawdor,' by which title, before, these weird sisters saluted me, and referred me to the coming on of time with 'Hail, king that shalt be!' This have I thought good to deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou might’st not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being ignorant of what greatness is promised thee. Lay it to thy heart, and farewell.” (1.5.1-14)
The raven himself is hoarse that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan Under my battlements. Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood.Stop up the access and passage to remorse,That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between the effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts, and take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers, Come, thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark to cry “Hold, hold!”
The king is coming here tonight.
I’m sorry, but it’s the truth. Macbeth is coming. He sent a messenger ahead of him who arrived here so out of breath that he could barely speak his message.
Thou 'rt mad to say it.Is not thy master with him, who, were ’t so, would have informed for preparation? (1.5.19-21)
Great thane of Glamis! Worthy thane of Cawdor! You’ll soon be greater than both those titles, once you become king!
You should project a peaceful mood, because if you look troubled, you will arouse suspicion. Leave all the rest to me.
Oh never! That day will never come. Your face, my thane, is as a book where men may read strange matters. To beguile the time,Look like the time. Bear welcome in your eye,Your hand, your tongue. Look like th' innocent flower,But be the serpent under ’t. He that’s coming must be provided for; and you shall put this night’s great business into my dispatch,Which shall to all our nights and days to come give solely sovereign sway and masterdom. (1.5.53-61)
My dearest love,Duncan comes here tonight. (1.5.49-50) And he plans on leaving tomorrow.
See, see, our honored hostess!The love that follows us sometime is our trouble,Which still we thank as love. Herein I teach you how you shall bid God 'ild us for your pains, and thank us for your trouble. (1.6.11-14)
Here, we are introduced to Lady Macbeth as she reads a letter from Macbeth telling her his stories of encountering the witches and witnessing their prediction of the future come true which more greatness to come. This gets Lady Macbeth thinking, and knowing Macbeth as her husband, she is already worried about him being too much of a coward and not doing what he wants to get what "belongs to him" referring to the crown. From this cell, we get a first look into how Lady Macbeth may develop to become a dominant character over ruling Macbeth's life.
This castle is in a pleasant place. The air is sweet and appeals to my refined senses.
Where is Macbeth, the thane of Cawdor? We followed closely after him. I hoped to arrive here before him, but he rides so fast. Anyhow, fair and noble hostess, I am your guests tonight.
Everything we’re doing for you, even if it were doubled and then doubled again, is nothing compared to the honors you have brought to our family. We gladly welcome you as our guests, with gratitude for both the honors you’ve given us before and the new honors you’ve just given us.
In this scene, we are briefly introduced to Lady Macbeth's servant who informs Lady Macbeth of the King's sudden visit to their castle. As a response, she actually gets angry at the servant claiming that if the king really were coming, Macbeth would have informed her earlier so that they would have time to prepare. This again shows the reader how intimidating and fierce Lady Macbeth is with her words. After the servant apologies, Lady Macbeth then begins to fantasize about the killing of King Duncan, calling for evil spirits to overtake her body making her unable to feel remorse and guilt, preparing for the death of their worthy King in her own castle. This builds even more character and shows how vicious and cruel Lady Macbeth's thoughts can be.
If this business would really be finished when I did the deed, then it would be best to get it over with quickly. If the assassination of the king would get this ordeal over will and leave no consequences, then surely the murder would be-all and end-all of the whole affair,and I would gladly put my soul and the afterlife at risk to do it.
But in these cases we still have judgment here, that we but teach bloody instructions, which, being taught, return to plague th' inventor: this even-handed justice commends the ingredients of our poisoned chaliceTo our own lips. (1.7.7-12)
We will proceed no further in this business. He hath honored me of late, and I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people, which would be worn now in their newest gloss, not cast aside so soon. (1.7.32-35)
My love, he has almost finished supper. Why did you leave the dining room?
Once Macbeth arrives at the castle, he is greeted by Lady Macbeth congratulating him for earning his new title and the fate of him becoming the next king. When he tells her that he will be spending the night over as well, she exclaims saying how that day will never come implying that he is going to die tonight in their castle. She then goes on about Macbeth should appear to the guests. How he is looking very suspicious and it may ruin the whole plan giving away their true intentions. This again builds onto Lady Macbeth's character how she is dominant and controlling over Macbeth and his actions.
Were you drunk when you seemed so hopeful about this plan before? From now on this is what I’ll think of your love. Are you afraid to act the way you desire? Will you take the crown you want so badly, or will you live as a coward,always saying “I can’t” after you say “I want to”?
Please stop! I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more is none. (1.7.46-48)
I have given suck, and know how tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me. I would, while it was smiling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done to this.
If you weren’t a man, then what kind of animal were you when you first told me you wanted to do this? When you dared to do it, that’s when you were a man. And if you go one step further by doing what you dared to do before, you’ll be that much more the man.
In this cell, King Duncan arrives in Macbeth and his lady's castle. After claiming how pleasant the castle is to his taste, he explains how the love and thanks he gets from his hosts are sometimes an inconvinience and says that he still takes it as love since Lady Macbeth is present to show her gratitude. From this, we can see how King Duncan is extremely grateful and shows great gratitude to the people around him that appreciate him. This is followed by Lady Macbeth returning thanks to him saying that if they doubled everything they have already done for him, it would still be nothing compared to what Duncan has done for them.
Please, bring me to the noble Macbeth I love him dearly, and I shall continue to favor him.
Here, Macbeth is pondering the decision and consequences of murdering King Duncan. He knows that in doing the deed, he would be disturbing the "Great Chain of Being". He also believes that in murdering the king to get what he wants, that would only teach others to do the same: use violence to get what they desire. Him thinking this shows how he understands justicce and the equality of justice. When Lady Macbeth confronts him for leaving the dinning hall, he exclaims that they will do nothing to continue doing the deed. He explains that it is because the King had just honored him that day giving him the new titile of thane of Cawdor. This shows his character trait of being a coward, being unable to commit to the things he claimed he would do before.
In this cell, Lady Macbeth reacts quite agressively, threatening what she think of his love from that point on, showing her dominance and fiercness to the reader. He shows how he is submissive by crying out to her asking her to stop. She then goes on to attack him more saying that if he weren't to do the deed then he wouldn't be a man, rather he was a man when he previously spoke of killing the king, or he'd been seen as even more of a man if he actually completed the deed. She then explains how if there were a baby sucking on her breast, she would rip it away and smash its brains out if she had promised to do so as Macbeth has done so about killing the king. This shows the readers again how vicious and cruel Lady Macbeth can be in her thoughts and ides. He shows his cowardice and lack of courage again by questioning what they would if they failed, to which Lady Macbeth explain their plan of action which they would use to help cover up their presence in the crime.
If we should fail?
We, fail? If you get your courage up, we can’t fail. —I’ll get his two servants so drunk that their memory will go up in smoke through the chimneys of their brains. When they lie asleep like pigs, so drunk they’ll be dead to the world, how will we not be able to commit the deed?