The Magna Carta........................................................................................................
How the English Regulated Trade
Roles of People (Men, Women, and Kids)
The Colonial Government had documents such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights. They believed in the Enlightenment in which the government believed in a monarchy government and they promised to protect all people and only men were allowed to vote. They had the House of Burgesses, the General Court and the General Assembly which were all throughout the 13 Colonies.
The colonies existed to help and benefit England which was called mercantilism. The shipments that the colonies got from Europe had to go to England first. The Colonies could only sell their products to England and any imports they wanted to sell to England had to be transported to them on boats owned by the British.
The Middle Passage
Roles of men, women and children played a big part in society. The men were supposed to control the family's income and property. The women were supposed to take care of the children and the household. Finally, the children were expected to help around the house by the age of seven.
The Social classes were the highest, middle, and lowest class. The highest class people were gentries or wealthy planters/merchants. The middle class people were farmers and artisans. The lowest class people were indentured servants and slaves.
Over 10 million slaves were transported to the Americas by the Middle Passage between the 1500's and the 1800's. The Middle Passage was a route across The Atlantic Ocean that African Slaves took to get to the Americas.The slaves were all chained together on their backs in the bottom part of the boat Slave Traders set up posts in West Africa and put them on ships to Europe.
The Puritans thought that education was important and so Massachusetts set up public schools and the South had very few private schools with tutors. Only white children could go to school where they would be taught reading, writing, math and religion. Harvard was the first college.