DNA is a molecule found in all of your cells. These genes are recipes for proteins that make you different than anybody else. With some expectations you have 46 strands of DNA- 23 from your mom and 23 from your dad.
Whats used during transcription and translation
The first step of making a protein is transcription. During transcription a gene on DNA is copied to make RNA. DNA is unzipped and an mRNA strand is built as a copy of a gene. After it is made, mRNA leaves the nucleus and heads to a ribosome.
The end result of transcription is mRNA
The second step of making a protein is translation. During translation the newly made RNA is used as a recipe to build protein. A ribosome reads the recipe in mRNA and attaches the amino acids in the correct order to make protein.
There is a place when it should stop, it reads it.
During both of these steps, if something goes wrong you could have mutations and problems with the formation of your body
problems made during these steps of making a protein
The DNA folds in a specific pattern, if the pattern is wrong the protein won't function right