Battle of Hampton Roads at Norfolk May 11, 1862: Norfolk was the key southern naval port during the Civil War and the site of the most famous naval battle between the U.S.S. Monitor and the U.S.S Merrimac. Although the battle between the two ships proved inconclusive, Norfolk was eventually captured under union forces.
Battle of Shiloh April 6-7, 1862: The Battle of Shiloh was a battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought in southwestern Tennessee. After taking Forts Henry and Donelson, Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant were eager to take central Mississippi River ports. Southern forces had collapsed along the Memphis to Charleston railroad.
Appomattox courthouse April 9, 1865: The Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought on the morning of April 9, 1865, was one of the last battles of the American Civil War. After union forces took both Petersburg and Richmond, General Robert E. Lee directed his armies west in an attempt to join forces with Joseph A. Johnston.
Battle of Fort Donelson February 13-16, 1862: The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 13–16, 1862, in the Western Theater of the Civil War. The Union capture of the Confederate fort near the Tennessee–Kentucky border opened the Cumberland River, an important avenue for the invasion of the South. The Union's success also elevated Brig.
The Battle of Perryville October 8, 1862: The Battle of Perryville was fought on October 8, 1862, in the Chaplin Hills west of Perryville, Kentucky, as the culmination of the Confederate Heartland Offensive during the American Civil War. Hoping to occupy the city of Louisville, Confederate troops, under the orders of General Braxton Bragg, attacked Union forces that were commanded of General Don Carlos Buell.
Battle of Vicksburg May 18-July 4, 1863: The Battle of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the Civil War. The port city of Vicksburg represented control of the Mississippi River. Its fall would result in the division of the Confederacy.