Sargon of Akkad created the world's first empire. He lead his army in tight formations which is how he conquered places. He destroyed walls inside inside his empire to let his soldiers have easy access to all cities.
I worked hard to make the Neo-Babylonian Empire beautiful.
The Babylonian Empire had many achievements. They had roads, postal, and trade. They had an irrigation system. Everybody, including slaves, had rights, which made Babylonia very fair.
I am King Hammurabi! You will obey me.
The Assyrians were feared for their army and cruelty. They were known to be ruthless. They were skilled on horses and with iron weapons. They built battering rams to knock down walls. This strategy is called siege warfare.
I'm wealthy, so I better be careful. There are harsh punishments for people of my status.
This is King Nebuchadnezzar. He worked hard to make Neo-Babylonia as great as Babylonia. He created the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven ancient wonders. Also, the Neo-Babylonians created the first sundial.
Yay King Nebuchadnezzar! You made the Hanging Gardens!
We even invented the sun dial under your rule!
Hammurabi was king of Babylon. He conquered all of Mesopotamia soon after and made Babylon his capital. He created Hammurabi's Code. He led his empire to do trade. He also made sure to keep his empire fair.
We don't want to disobey your code, which came from the sun god.
Hammurabi's Code was a set of 282 laws. The people believed that Hammurabi got the laws from the sun god. The laws were written on an eight foot tall rock. The code lasted generations. It was harsh, but kept the empire calm. Hammurabi's Code affected everyone, but consequences were the worse for wealthy people.
It even affects children!
We should obey these laws. They came from the sun god.