The Effects of the Europeans on the First Nations

The Effects of the Europeans on the First Nations

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  • The French officially came to New France to settle on large sailboats that made their way across the Atlantic Ocean and down to the St. Lawrence River, to the place at where they and the other settlers would stay for the foreseeable future.
  • When they arrived they were greeted by the curious First Nations that let them in as guests and shared their ways ass well as the terrain of the land and how to survive in Canada to the French.
  • Greetings dear guests, welcome to our village.
  • As the French established their trading posts only the members of the company of one hundred associates could fur trade, but the king changed the rules to: anyone could now fur trade because the company didn't fulfil their part of the monopoly of the fur trade.
  •  This had established a group of people known as the Courier de Bois that went to the forest or indigenous villages to trade their goods for the animal fur that the indigenous had.
  • Here is your brand new one-shot rifle and the pot is on the bench to my right.
  • Here is your deer do you have my gun and pot?
  • The fur trade for metallic and finished goods soon got out of hand and had increased the rivalry between different First Nation groups for these goods. This led to many of the tribes expanding their territories.(to have access to more animals to hunt) and invading others which caused lots of conflicts and in some cases small wars.
  • Hey! This is my land and my deer, turn back or I declare war!
  • The First Nations no longer hunted with bows, but with guns
  •  As the FIrst Nations realised the benefits of these new tools and good, they soon became desperate and started hunting so much, to the point of overhunting some species of animals. they did this so they could trade more fur and then get even more of these metallic goods. They slowly became dependent on these items and started to forget their old ways, leaving them in a vulnerable situation if they were to lose this trading.
  • The First Nations no longer cooked with coals, but with pots.
  • As the French got to know the First Nations they soon started to get irritated and have a lack of understanding their ways and established what we call The Policy of Assimilation. This policy stated that everyone was equal, (in religion, in the case of the First Nations) but instead of trying to accept and try to understand their ways and then come up with a compromise, the French just started to enforce their religion and culture. It started out with just baptism and marriage, but then took a turn to the worst: Indigenous children, taken away from families and put into Residential schools, where they would use brutal and in some cases lethal force to make these children learn and understand the French's ways, subjects (Academics), history and religion. Some of these kids tried to escape or even if they didn't most of them died.
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