We, the Anti-Federalists, want a weak, central national governments with the states retaining the most power. We, the Federalists, want a strong, central national government.
Mr. Madison from Virginia: I propose a bicameral legislature based on population
Mr. Sherman from Connecticut: Might I propose a (Great) Compromise: What if the Senate has equal representation, elected by state legislatures and the House of Representatives is based on population (proportional representation) and elected by people
Mr. Paterson from New Jersey: I propose a single house, one vote per state
Federalists favor balance between state,national governments. Antifederalists oppose strong central government because it may serve interests of privileged minority, and because it would be unlikelyto manage a large country well, and the Constitution does not protect individual rights
Bill of Rights
Three-Fifths Compromise allows 3/5 of state’s slaves to be counted, for House and taxes.
We, in the South, want slaves counted as part of our population count for House Representation but not for tax purposes.
What about the issue of slavery?
We, in the North, do not want slaves counted in the population count for House Representation.