context- A california statue made it a crime for a person to "be addicted to the use of narcotics"
Context 2: A cop stopped Robinson when he saw he had "needle tracks" from drug use. The officer arrested him for the use of the drug. The officer said that Robinson admitted to the use of the drug, but Robinson denied.
Hey you, stop!
Court Ruling: The court looked at the laws that were held that imprisoning persons with the “illness” of narcotic addicted,was cruel and unusual punishment.The court agreed with that law, and argued that the state could not punish a person because of their “status” to the addiction. Overall- Robinsons rights were going to be violated but the court said that he would not be punished to 90 days in prison. (for it was too cruel of a punishment)
Outcome: The Robinson vs.California case was the first decision the United States Supreme Court, causing the 8th amendment to be broken. This causes the act of cruel or unusual punishment to decease.The court struck down a law in California, that caused it to be illegal to be addicted to narcotics.